Rabisarani Rabisarani

Before After
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Kolkata

3rd January, 1923
Rabindranath in Kolkata; Prasantachandra Mahalanabis puts him up at his Alipur quarters.
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Persian poetry

4th January, 1923
Prof. Bogdanov recites and lectures on Persian poetry.
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Rural Reconstruction

7th January, 1923
Elmhirst speaks on Rural Reconstruction; the poet presides over the meeting held at Rammohan Library. According to the speaker, three things mainly plague rural India--malaria, monkeys and mutual mistrust.
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Death

9th January, 1923
Rabindranath's elder brother Satyendranath Tagore passes away.
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Visitors from China

13th January, 1923
Visitors from China call on the poet at Jorasanko, invite him to visit China in October-November. This rekindles his old desire to go to China.
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Lord Lytton visits Santiniketan and Sriniketan

14th January, 1923
Lord Lytton (1876-1947) is the third governor of Bengal to visit Santiniketan and Sriniketan. The followers of Gandhiji among the senior teachers at Santiniketan boycott the visit. But the poet is not in favour of futile confrontation. Thus village reconstruction at Surul continues to receive government assistance.
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Lecture at Kalabhawan

19th January, 1923
Poet delivers first part of an address on art at Kalabhawan at a special session of Visva-Bharati Sammilani.
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Lecture on how Tibetian and Chinese languages are taught at Santiniketan

21st January, 1923
Prof. K.Jaiswal of Patna speaks on Indology and stresses the need to combine the teaching of Tibetan and Chinese with the teaching of Sanskrit and Pali. The poet in his concluding remarks mentions how these languages are taught at Santiniketan.
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Delivers second part of the lecture

29th January, 1923
Delivers the second part of the address on art (first part given on 19th January). Abanindranath who is present also speaks.
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Prayer

31st January, 1923
Rabindranath prays at the temple in the morning. (Prayer printed in Santiniketan,Phalgun issue)
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Lecture

31st January, 1923
Prof. Benoit reads a paper on Romain Rolland. Rabindranath, Abanindranath, A. Karpeles, Pearson also speak.
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Songs in Amrakunja

1st February, 1923
On this full moon night the residents of the ashram gather in the Amrakunja after dinner in a meeting of Ashram Sammilani. The students - both girls and boys - sing a number of songs with the theme of spring. Rabindranath sings – Amar praner parey choley – and another Hindi song.
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kalabhawan

1st February, 1923
Rabindranath and Abanindranath visit Kalabhawan.
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Abanindranath

2nd February, 1923
Abanindranath returns to Kolkata.
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Reads Galpa

5th February, 1923
Reads the piece Galpa from Lipika at Kalabhawan in a series of readings spread over several days.
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At festival of Jain savant Vijoy Dharmasur

14th February, 1923
Winternitz speaks on the memorial festival of the Jain savant Vijoy Dharmasur which was held in Gwalior and which he attended. Rabindranath presides.
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Tree house

February, 1923
Rabindranath chooses to reside temporarily in the tree house so elegantly built by Kashihara, the japanese craftsman of carpentry, into the branches of three banyan trees and writes the musical play Vasanta. It contains the following songs.
  • Gaanguli mor
  • Tor gopan praney ekla manush 27th January,1923
  • O amar chander alo 1st February,1923
  • Khelaghar bandhte legechhi 1st February,1923
  • Nisitharater pran 2nd February,1923
  • Ke debe chand tomay dola 3rd February,1923
  • Bhangla hasir bandh 3rd February,1923
  • Dhire dhire dhire bao 4th February,1923
  • Phal phalabar asha ami5th February,1923
  • Baki ami rakhbo na5th February,1923
  • Tumi bhabo gopan rabey 5th February,1923
  • E bela dak porechhe konkhane 6th February,1923
  • Aaj dakhin batasey 6th February,1923
  • Sukno pata ke je chharay oi durey 10th February,1923
  • Biday jakhan chaibe tumi 10th February,1923
  • Sab dibi ke 10th February,1923
  • Sahasa dalpala tor utala je 10th February,1923
  • Jadi tarey nai chini 10th February,1923
  • Ebar bidai belar soor11th February,1923
  • Aaj khela bhangar khela 11th February,1923
  • Bhoy karba na re 11th February,1923
  • Na jeyo na jeyo na ko 12th February,1923
  • Ore pathik ore premik 12th February,1923
  • Ekhan amar samay holo 12th February,1923
  • Tomar bas kotha jey 17th February,1923
  • Dakhin hawa jago jago 17th February,1923
  • Aaji marmardhwani keno jagilo rey19th February,1923
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Vasanta

21st February, 1923
Rabindranath in Kolkata; reads the new play at a meeting of Visva-bharati Sammilani held at Rammohan Library.
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Dedicates Vasanta to Kaji Nazrul Islam

22nd February, 1923
Poet dedicates it to Kaji Nazrul Islam who is in jail.
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Vasanta is performed

25th February, 1923
Performed at Madan Theatre. Rabindranath, Abanindranath, Samarendranath, Dinendranath, Gaganendranath, Elmhirst,etc take part.
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Second performance of Vasanta

27th February, 1923
Second performance at University Institute Hall.
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Rani Maitra marries Prasantachandra Mahalanabis

27th February, 1923
Rani Maitra, daughter of Heramba Chandra Maitra, marries Prasantachandra Mahalanabis. The poet blesses the couple and presents them with the manuscript of Vasanta.
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Leaves for Benaras

28th February, 1923
Leaves for Benaras with Kshitimohan Sen.
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Benaras

1st March, 1923
In Benaras, his host is Ranu's father, professor Phanibhusan Adhikari.
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Meeting at Benaras Hindu University

1st March, 1923
Addresses a meeting of the students of Benaras Hindu University. Welcome address by Pandit Madanmohan Malaviya.
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Bharatiya Bangasahitya Sammelan

3rd March, 1923
Presides over the first session of Uttar Bharatiya Bangasahitya Sammelan and speaks here.
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Speaks at next day

4th March, 1923
Also speaks here the next day.
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Lucknow

5th March, 1923
In Lucknow, enjoys Atulprasad Sen's hospitality.
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Lecture at Lucknow

March, 1923
Delivers a lecture at Lucknow University. He is basically travelling across India on a lecture tour to raise money for Visva-Bharati.
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Bombay (now Mumbai)

10th March, 1923
Arrives in Bombay with Kshitimohan.
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Writes three songs

March, 1923
Writes 3 songs on the way.
  • Amar e path tomar9th March,1923
  • Kon pub hawate dei dola 10th March,1923
  • Tomar sesher gaaner resh niye kaney 10th March,1923
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Ahmedabad

13th March, 1923
Arrives at Ahmedabad.
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Delivers Lecture

17th March, 1923
Delivers a lecture at a Gujrat Sahitya Sabha meeting. Says he has set up a guest-house for the homeless travellers of the world which is called Visva-Bharati.
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A few songs

March, 1923
Writes a few songs around this time.
  • Tomai gaan shonabo13th March,1923
  • Bhebechhilem asbey phirey 13th March,1923
  • Ebar dukkha amar 15th March,1923
  • Hater dhula soi na je aar 16th March,1923
  • Jedin sakal mukul gelo jharey 18th March,1923
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Karachi

19th March, 1923
Arrives at Karachi.
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Civic reception

19th March, 1923
Given a civic reception at Burns Garden.
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Felicitated by Bengali residents

20th March, 1923
Felicitated by the Bengali residents of Karachi.
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Felicitated by Karachi Municipality

21st March, 1923
Felicitated by Karachi Municipality at a massive reception.
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Felicitated by journalists

21st March, 1923
Felicitated at the local press club by journalists.
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A Vision of Indian History

22nd March, 1923
Gives a lecture on A Vision of Indian History at Pearl Opera House.
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Speaks at Theosophical Society Hall

24th March, 1923
Speaks at a meeting of women held at Theosophical Society Hall.
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Sind

26th March, 1923
Reaches Hyderabad in Sind.
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Folk Religion of India

26th March, 1923
Speaks on Folk Religion of India.
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Karachi

28th March, 1923
Back in Karachi.
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Porbandar

29th March, 1923
Goes to Porbandar from Karachi by sea.
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Anujan Achan

31st March, 1923
Anujan Achan lectures on The Buddhist University of Taxila.
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Prof. V. Lesney

1st April, 1923
Czech guest – lecturer, Prof. V. Lesney speaks on Sanskrit and Slavonic Languages at Santiniketan.
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Prof. V. Lesney

3rd April, 1923
Visits Limdi, Dhrangadhra and returns to Ahmedabad.
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Pearson finds the climate uncomfortable

April, 1923
Pearson finds the warm climate uncomfortable, leaves Santiniketan for the time being.
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Santiniketan

10th April, 1923
Returns to Santiniketan.
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Songs

April, 1923
The following songs are written around this time.
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Bengali new year celebrated

14th April, 1923
The Bengali new year celebrated as usual at the ashram.
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Visva-Bharati Samsad

15th April, 1923
Poet presides over the second session of Visva-Bharati Samsad. Important issues decided.
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Bogdanov

20th April, 1923
Prof. Bogdanov recites and lectures on Persian poetry and discusses Sufism with Rabindranath.
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Lesney returns to Europe

23rd April, 1923
Czech guest – lecturer V. Lesney is given a farewell. Returns to Europe.
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Andree Karpeles

April, 1923
Andree Karpeles also leaves Santiniketan to return to France.Rabindranath writes the song – Bhara thak, bhara thak - on this occasion.
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Shillong

26th April, 1923
Mercury rises alarmingly. Poet goes to salubrious Shillong with Ranu, Rathindranath, Nandita, Nandini and Gretchen Green.
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The Visva-Bharati Quaterly

April, 1923
The first issue of The Visva-Bharati Quaterly, edited by the poet, published.
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Play - Raktakarabi

May, 1923
Some members of the elite of Kolkata flock to Shillong during the poet's long sojourn in the hill resort. Rabindranath finds their company stimulating and buoyed up by a new spurt of creativity completes the first draft of what's arguably his greatest play – Raktakarabi. He'll go on penning as many as 11 drafts before the final shape of the play crystallises in its present form.
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Nazrul withdraws fast after poet's request

23rd May, 1923
Kaji Nazrul Islam (1899-1976) who is fast emerging as a major Bengali poet and composer and is already known as the rebel poet, goes on fast in protest in Hoogly Jail. Poet sends cable asking him to relent because "our literature claims you." Nazrul withdraws fast.
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Kolkata

June, 1923
Back in Kolkata.
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Speaks about Bankimchandra

23rd June, 1923
Speaks at the 14th session of Bangiya Sahiya-Sammelan held at Naihati, praising Bankim's monumental achievements.
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Bipinchandra Pal speaks on Bankim's writings

28th June, 1923
Bipinchandra Pal speaks on Bankim's writings at the second conference of Kalighat Sahitya-Sammilani. Poet presides.
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Santiniketan

2nd July, 1923
Returns to Santiniketan
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Returns to his songs

July, 1923
The rains arrive and the poet returns to his songs.
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Visarjan is going to be staged

31st July, 1923
Preparations to stage the play in aid of Visva-Bharati get under way. Performance postponed owing to the poet's illness.
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Interview

19th August, 1923
In an interview to journalist Mrinalkanti Basu, Rabindranath speaks on the programme of the newly formed Swaraj Party and Hindu-Muslim amity on the basis of economic programmes. The interview is published in the weekly Bijoli and creates quite a ripple. Poet later reiterates these views in the article The way to Unity in the Visva-Bharati Quarterly.
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Poet as Jai Singha in Visarjan

25th August, 1923
First performance at Empire Theatre. Even at age 62 Rabindranath gives a virtuoso performance as Jai Singha.
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Second performance

27th August, 1923
Second performance at Empire Theatre; Ranu plays Aparna.
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Third performance

28th August, 1923
Third performance at Empire Theatre; Ranu plays Aparna.
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Speaks on prevention of malaria.

29th August, 1923
Poet speaks at Visva-Bharati Sammilani on prevention of malaria through cooperatives.
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Fourth performance of Visarjan

30th August, 1923
Fourth performance at Empire Theatre following great popular demand. Ranu plays Aparna.
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Fifth performance of Visanjan

1st September, 1923
Fifth performance of Visanjan.
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Santiniketan

2nd September, 1923
Poet back in Santiniketan with Ranu.
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Fourth meeting of Samsad

3rd September, 1923
Presides over the fourth meeting of the Visva-Bharati Samsad.
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Press

4th September, 1923
Rave reviews in the press for Visarjan.
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Translating Raktakarabi into English

September, 1923
Busy translating the play into English with the help of Prof. Benoit. Keen to stage it, too.
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Writes to Ramananda Chatterjee

5th September, 1923
Writes to Ramananda Chatterjee that he wants him to print the play in the Falgun or Chaitra issue of the Prabashi.
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Farewell to Winternitz

16th September, 1923
Farewell to Prof. Winternitz at Santiniketan. Rabindranath reads the farewell address. He very much likes the professor's lecture Indian Literature as a World Literature.
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Pearson dies in accident

25th September, 1923
Pearson falls off a rushing train, dies in Italy. The ashram hospital in Santiniketan, which he had built up almost single-handedly, will be named after him. Rabindranath will pay moving homage to his memory on 25th December.
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Essay – Samasya

5th October, 1923
Reads the essay Samasya at Alfred Theatre before an audience of Visva-Bharati Sammilani.
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Birla meets poet

7th October, 1923
Noted businessman Jugalkishore Birla meets the poet at Prasantachandra's Alipore residence, promises to fund the poet's proposed visit to China and donates Rs 3000/- for Santiniketan Vidyalaya.
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Reads Raktakarabi

12th October, 1923
Reads Raktakarabi (till now called Nandini ) at a meeting of the Atmiyasabha at Jorasanko.
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Santiniketan

16th October, 1923
Back in Santiniketan after spending 3 weeks at Alipore, Kolkata.
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Reads Raktakarabi in the ashram

19th October, 1923
Reads Raktakarabi to the residents of the ashram. Continues revising the play.
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Devastating earthquake in Japan

1923
Devastating earthquake in Japan. The poet sets up a relief fund at Santiniketan for quake-hit Japan. A notice to this effect appears in the Prabashi (kartick issue).
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Tapabhanga and Rathajatra

1923
Probably writes the major poem Tapabhanga and the symbolic play Rathajatra around this time.
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Tour

1923
Departs for an extensive fund-raising tour, chiefly of the princely native states Gujrat, in late October/early November accompanied by Gourgopal Ghosh.
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Dhranggadhra

6th November, 1923
Arrives at Dhranggadhra.
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Donation

November, 1923
Raja of Dhrangadhra promises to donate Rs 25000/-, pays first instalment of Rs 500/-.
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Morvi

8th November, 1923
Arrives at Morvi.
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Morvi

November, 1923
Raja of Morvi donates Rs 10000/-.
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L.K. Elmhirst joins poet at Rajkot

12th November, 1923
L.K. Elmhirst arrives from England and joins the poet in Rajkot.
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Revising Raktakarabi

November, 1923
Continues to revise Raktakarabi
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Limdi

14th November, 1923
In Limdi.
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Donation from Limdi

November, 1923
Ruler of Limdi promises to donate Rs 15000/-.
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Porbandar

21st November, 1923
Arrives at Porbandar.
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Jamnagar

27th November, 1923
Arrives Jamnagar.
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Bhabnagar

30th November, 1923
Arrives Bhabnagar.
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Message of the Forest

2nd December, 1923
Delivers lecture on Message of the Forest at Samaldas College.
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Benaras

December, 1923
Comes to Benaras via Bombay and Baroda.
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Delivers address at Benaras Hindu University

14th December, 1923
Delivers an address on Visva-Bharati at Benaras Hindu University; M. Malaviya presides.
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Santiniketan

16th December, 1923
Back in Santiniketan. Donation worth Rs 1,35,000/- collected.
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Song

18th December, 1923
Writes the song-- Amar sesh raginir... (used in earlier draft of Raktakarabi).
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Prayer

23rd December, 1923
Delivers a prayer address in the temple.
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Christmas

25th December, 1923
Memorial meeting in memory of the deceased friends of the ashram. Rabindranath speaks on Pearson.
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